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“The Emergency Medicine Physician Workforce: Projections for 2030” was recently published in Annals of Emergency Medicine.
The Young Physicians Section hosted a Q&A session with ACEP President Elect Dr. Gillian Schmitz and EMRA President Elect Dr. Angela Cai, asking workforce-related questions submitted by YPS members.
Follow the progress at www.acep.org/workforce.
As we await publication of the “Emergency Medicine Physician Workforce: Projections for 2030” research, ACEP is leading efforts down many important paths to favorably influence the future of the EM workforce.
Define EM Residency Standards for the Future
- ACEP met in early June with the Association of Academic Chairs of Emergency Medicine, Emergency Medicine Residents’ Association, Council of Emergency Medicine Residency Directors, American College of Osteopathic Emergency Physicians, Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM), and SAEM Residents and Medical Students to begin reviewing and developing recommended program requirement changes to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) for the 2022 review cycle.
- The stakeholder representatives looking at the ACGME guidelines will meet every two weeks. ACEP President Mark S. Rosenberg, DO, MBA, FACEP, appointed members including Kelly Gray-Eurom, MD, MMM, FACEP; Christopher S. Sampson, MD, FACEP; and Laura Oh, MD, FACEP, to this effort.
Ensure Business Interests Do Not Supersede Education and Patient Care
There are pressures to start residency programs from for-profit hospitals, nonprofit hospitals, and academic health systems. There are also some state laws that reward expansion of graduate medical education.
- ACEP leaders will reach out to hospitals, physician groups, and other stakeholders to set up meetings to ensure they understand the history and growth of graduate medical education, the research from the Workforce Task Force about the potential future impact on the EM workforce, and the role the groups and health systems play.
- Discussions also include legal, legislative, and regulatory options that tie Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) funding of graduate medical education to specialties and geographic areas of need as well as how ACEP might be able to encourage needed changes. Findings will be reported.
- An objective has been added to the Academic Affairs Committee to conduct research with residency programs with respect to employment models, funding sources, staffing models, physician assistant (PA)/nurse practitioner (NP) training programs, and policies for prioritizing critical care to EM residents.
Protect Unique Role of the Emergency Physician and Fight Independent Practice
ACEP believes that emergency physicians provide the highest-quality care of patients with undifferentiated illnesses. We fight for physician-led teams and robust guardrails to maintain the scope of practice for NP/PAs.
- ACEP recently became a member of the American Medical Association (AMA) Scope of Practice Partnership (SOPP) and continues to attend regular meetings to leverage the house of medicine on ways to ensure physician-led teams nationwide as well as to utilize and promote shared resources among chapters.
- In early June, a proposal in Louisiana that would have allowed NPs to have independent practice was withdrawn with the help of the Louisiana ACEP chapter and its members. National ACEP is working to support other chapters facing similar threats of scope creep and other states, including Texas and Colorado, with an eye toward similar victories in those state legislatures.
- Alarmed by the implications of independent practice for PAs, ACEP vehemently opposed the decision by the American Academy of Physician Assistants to change its professional title to physician “associate.” ACEP issued a statement denouncing the name change and advocated that the AMA address this through its SOPP efforts, including its truth in advertising campaign.
- ACEP President Dr. Rosenberg established a task force to research and potentially establish an ED accreditation program that would define nationally recognized standards to provide the highest-quality patient care. Joseph Adrian Tyndall, MD, FACEP, was named the chair of this task force, which will meet regularly and, by ACEP21 in Boston, will offer a proposed direction about pursing an accreditation program.
Support Emergency Physicians in All Communities, Especially Rural
- ACEP leaders have met with CMS staff to problem-solve rural hospital closings and will continue to explore ways to ensure access to quality emergency care, led by emergency physicians, no matter a patient’s ZIP code.
- The Rural Emergency Medicine Task Force report closely aligns with efforts to influence change in the EM workforce of the future. ACEP leaders are working with the Rural EM Task Force members and the Rural EM Section members to ensure our next steps are coordinated.
- ACEP is compiling and will promote a list of current opportunities within the federal government, Indian Health Service, Veterans Affairs, and other locations that have incentives for hiring emergency physicians to practice in rural and underserved areas.
- To get better data-driven research, ACEP is helping to conduct a resident census about job availability and challenges year over year. This survey should be distributed within a few weeks and could become an annual effort to provide a sense of the hiring landscape over the long-term.
Increase Demand and Meet Evolving Needs of Our Communities
We recognize emergency physicians’ skill sets are not defined by a physical location. Emergency medicine will continue to evolve to meet the changing health care landscape and delivery models as we emphasize our value, expertise, and necessity.
- ACEP leaders continue to explore adding fellowships to expand emergency medicine’s brand. Successful models are being considered for replication. Potential areas for growth include geriatrics, hospice and palliative care, home health monitoring and post-acute care, disaster medicine, administrative medicine/executive leadership, and more. Recommendations are forthcoming.
- ACEP is continuing to gather member profiles to highlight those who have successfully expanded their roles, with a goal to crowdsource and research ways to bring nontraditional EM practice areas (observation, acute psychiatric, EMS, telehealth) under the EM umbrella as viable career pathways.