the drip method, but this does require a compliant child to achieve success. Probably the most widely used device is the mucosal atomizer. It screws on to the top of your medication syringe, and when you spray it into the nare, it rapidly distributes the particles after breaking them down into smaller ones that are more easily absorbed (see Figure 2).3
Intranasal medication delivery can be a useful tool when dealing with children (see Table 2 for suggestions on when to consider intranasal delivery). Some tips that will allow for greater success include:
- Consider suctioning prior to administration if there is a lot of mucus present.
- Use small volumes .
- Use the highest concentration of medication available and do not dilute.
Use both nares to increase surface area Intranasal medications are a quick, safe, and relatively painless way to deliver analgesia and anxiolysis to pediatric patients. They are a great resource to have in your tool kit!
Dr. Sorrentino is professor of pediatrics in the division of emergency medicine at the University of Alabama at Birmingham.
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