A second prospective study was a one-year prospective study in prepubescent males and excluded sexually active boys.10 The patients were 2–14 years of age. All patients with epididymitis (n=44) were diagnosed via US and admitted. Only 3 of 44 (6.8 percent) received antibiotics, with the remainder receiving “analgesics and bed rest.” All patients were followed up through symptom resolution. Only three patients had “mild pyuria” (3–5 WBC/hpf), and one patient had a positive urine culture. The authors state, “During follow up, no testicular abnormality and no symptom recurrence were noted.”
Explore This IssueACEP Now: Vol 36 – No 04 – April 2017
Conclusion: In prepubescent boys with acute epididymitis, antibiotics are probably not routinely indicated unless the UA or urine culture is positive. In postpubertal or sexually active boys with epididymitis, antibiotics treatment may be practitioner-specific since many studies on acute epididymitis commonly exclude these patients.
Dr. Jones is assistant professor of pediatric emergency medicine at the University of Kentucky in Lexington.
Dr. Cantor is professor of emergency medicine and pediatrics, director of the pediatric emergency department, and medical director of the Central New York Poison Control Center at Upstate Medical University in Syracuse, New York.
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