We hope the integration of a simplified, step-wise exam into the resuscitation of the OHCA patient will limit prolonged CPR pauses while allowing POCUS to improve diagnostic accuracy.
- Place ultrasound probe on chest and find view before stopping CPR.
- Have separate providers perform POCUS and run code.
- Ask a registered nurse to count down from 10 out loud during the POCUS.
Why should I use a protocol?
Many ED providers’ CPR pauses are too long. Our CPR pauses last on average 19 seconds with POCUS and 14 seconds without it. Using an ultrasound protocol focuses the provider on the most pertinent clinical questions on which we can intervene.
Why is the protocol in this order?
According to prior studies, tamponade is the most frequent cause of PEA that can be identified with ultrasound, and it accounts for 4 to 15 percent of PEA cardiac arrests. PE is the next most likely cause of PEA found on POCUS and is found in 4 to 7.6 percent of patients.
What if I can look at right heart strain and tamponade in the same CPR pause?
Nice job! That means that you are an advanced POCUS practitioner. This protocol is designed for entry level POCUS users, but be careful that your CPR pauses are not actually over 10 seconds long.
Why is pneumothorax/FAST on the side?
We believe that pneumothorax and FAST scans can be performed during CPR. If you are unsure, then check during a <10 second CPR pause.
I know how to improve this protocol. Who should I email?
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